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RAY(4) Device Drivers Manual RAY(4)

rayRaytheon Raylink/WebGear Aviator IEEE 802.11FH wireless network device

ray* at pcmcia?

The ray device driver supports the Raytheon Raylink and Aviator 2.4/PRO 802.11 Frequency Hopping 2Mbps wireless PCMCIA cards.

The device uses IEEE 802.11 standard Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum signaling and operates in the ranges of 2.400 to 2.4835 Gigahertz. This frequency range is further restricted by country according to that country's regulations. Currently the ray driver defaults to using the ranges appropriate for the USA. To change this setting, define the kernel option RAY_PID_COUNTRY_CODE_DEFAULT to one of the following values:


These are the modes the ray driver can operate in:

BSS mode
Also known as mode, this is used when associating with an access point, through which all traffic passes. This mode is the default.
IBSS mode
Also known as mode or mode. This is the standardized method of operating without an access point. Stations associate with a service set. However, actual connections between stations are peer-to-peer.

The ray driver can be configured at runtime with ifconfig(8) or on boot with hostname.if(5).

Cards supported by the ray driver include:

Raytheon Raylink WLAN
WebGear Aviator 2.4
WebGear Aviator PRO

The following hostname.if(5) example configures ray0 to join whatever network is available on boot, channel 11, obtaining an IP address using DHCP:

dhcp NONE NONE NONE chan 11

Return ray0 to its default settings:

# ifconfig ray0 -bssid -chan media autoselect nwid ""

Join an existing BSS network, “my_net”:

# ifconfig ray0 netmask 0xffffff00 nwid my_net

ray0: card failed self test: status x
Indicates the card has failed its initial startup tests.

arp(4), ifmedia(4), intro(4), netintro(4), pcmcia(4), hostname.if(5), ifconfig(8)

The ray device driver first appeared in NetBSD 1.5. OpenBSD support was added in OpenBSD 2.7.

The ray driver was written by Christian E. Hopps ⟨⟩ and ported to OpenBSD by Michael Shalayeff ⟨⟩.

Currently the infrastructure mode is untested, and authentication using WEP is unimplemented.

Firmware version 4 does not interop with version 5 or higher.

April 17, 2008 OpenBSD-5.1