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KDUMP(1) General Commands Manual KDUMP(1)

NAME

kdumpdisplay kernel trace data

SYNOPSIS

kdump [-dlnRrTXx] [-e emulation] [-f file] [-m maxdata] [-p pid] [-t [ceinsw]]

DESCRIPTION

kdump displays the kernel trace files produced with ktrace(1) in human-readable format. By default, the file ktrace.out in the current directory is displayed, unless overridden by the -f option.
The options are as follows:
 
 
-d
Display all numbers in decimal. By default, values are printed out in hexadecimal.
 
 
-e emulation
Interpret system call maps assuming the named emulation instead of “bsd”. For example, to view trace output from a Linux binary, use -e linux.
 
 
-f file
Display the specified file instead of ktrace.out.
 
 
-l
Loop reading the trace file, once the end-of-file is reached, waiting for more data.
 
 
-m maxdata
Display at most maxdata bytes when decoding I/O.
 
 
-n
Suppress ad hoc translations. Normally kdump tries to decode many system calls into a more human-readable format. For example, ioctl(2) values are replaced with the macro name and errno values are replaced with the strerror(3) string. Suppressing this feature yields a more consistent output format and is easily amenable to further processing.
 
 
-p pid
Show output only for the pid specified.
 
 
-R
Display relative timestamps (time since previous entry).
 
 
-r
When decoding the name in sysctl(3) CALL records or structure members in STRU records (UIDs, GIDs, dates, etc), display symbolically instead of numerically.
 
 
-T
Display absolute timestamps for each entry (seconds since the Epoch).
 
 
-t [ceinstw]
Selects which tracepoints to display. See the -t option of ktrace(1) for the definitions of the flags.
 
 
-X
Display I/O data with hexadecimal data and printable ASCII characters side by side.
 
 
-x
Display I/O data in hexadecimal.

FILES

ktrace.out
default ktrace dump file

SEE ALSO

ktrace(1)

HISTORY

The kdump command appeared in 4.4BSD.
July 28, 2011 OpenBSD-5.1