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GETRUSAGE(2) System Calls Manual GETRUSAGE(2)

getrusageget information about resource utilization

#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>


#define RUSAGE_SELF 0
#define RUSAGE_CHILDREN -1

int
getrusage(int who, struct rusage *rusage);

getrusage() returns information describing the resources utilized by the current process, or all its terminated child processes. The who parameter is either RUSAGE_SELF or RUSAGE_CHILDREN. The buffer to which rusage points will be filled in with the following structure:

struct rusage {
        struct timeval ru_utime; /* user time used */
        struct timeval ru_stime; /* system time used */
        long ru_maxrss;          /* max resident set size */
        long ru_ixrss;           /* integral shared text memory size */
        long ru_idrss;           /* integral unshared data size */
        long ru_isrss;           /* integral unshared stack size */
        long ru_minflt;          /* page reclaims */
        long ru_majflt;          /* page faults */
        long ru_nswap;           /* swaps */
        long ru_inblock;         /* block input operations */
        long ru_oublock;         /* block output operations */
        long ru_msgsnd;          /* messages sent */
        long ru_msgrcv;          /* messages received */
        long ru_nsignals;        /* signals received */
        long ru_nvcsw;           /* voluntary context switches */
        long ru_nivcsw;          /* involuntary context switches */
};

The fields are interpreted as follows:

ru_utime
the total amount of time spent executing in user mode.
ru_stime
the total amount of time spent in the system executing on behalf of the process(es).
ru_maxrss
the maximum resident set size utilized (in kilobytes).
ru_ixrss
an “integral” value indicating the amount of memory used by the text segment that was also shared among other processes. This value is expressed in units of kilobytes * ticks-of-execution.
ru_idrss
an integral value of the amount of unshared memory residing in the data segment of a process (expressed in units of kilobytes * ticks-of-execution).
ru_isrss
an integral value of the amount of unshared memory residing in the stack segment of a process (expressed in units of kilobytes * ticks-of-execution).
ru_minflt
the number of page faults serviced without any I/O activity; here I/O activity is avoided by “reclaiming” a page frame from the list of pages awaiting reallocation.
ru_majflt
the number of page faults serviced that required I/O activity.
ru_nswap
the number of times a process was “swapped” out of main memory.
ru_inblock
the number of times the file system had to perform input.
ru_oublock
the number of times the file system had to perform output.
ru_msgsnd
the number of IPC messages sent.
ru_msgrcv
the number of IPC messages received.
ru_nsignals
the number of signals delivered.
ru_nvcsw
the number of times a context switch resulted due to a process voluntarily giving up the processor before its time slice was completed (usually to await availability of a resource).
ru_nivcsw
the number of times a context switch resulted due to a higher priority process becoming runnable or because the current process exceeded its time slice.

The numbers ru_inblock and ru_oublock account only for real I/O; data supplied by the caching mechanism is charged only to the first process to read or write the data.

Upon success, a value of zero is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

getrusage() will fail if:

[]
The who parameter is not a valid value.
[]
The address specified by the rusage parameter is not in a valid part of the process address space.

clock_gettime(2), gettimeofday(2), wait(2)

The getrusage() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.

There is no way to obtain information about a child process that has not yet terminated.

May 31, 2007 OpenBSD-5.1