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KDC(8)                  OpenBSD System Manager's Manual                 KDC(8)

     kdc - Kerberos 5 server

     kdc [-c file | --config-file=file] [-p | --no-require-preauth]
         [--max-request=size] [-H | --enable-http] [--no-524] [--kerberos4]
         [--kerberos4-cross-realm] [-r string | --v4-realm=string]
         [-K | --kaserver] [-P portspec | --ports=portspec] [--detach]
         [--addresses=list of addresses]

     kdc serves requests for tickets.  When it starts, it first checks the
     flags passed, any options that are not specified with a command line flag
     are taken from a config file, or from a default compiled-in value.

     Options supported:

     -c file, --config-file=file
             Specifies the location of the config file, the default is
             /var/heimdal/kdc.conf.  This is the only value that can't be
             specified in the config file.

     -p, --no-require-preauth
             Turn off the requirement for pre-autentication in the initial AS-
             REQ for all principals.  The use of pre-authentication makes it
             more difficult to do offline password attacks.  You might want to
             turn it off if you have clients that don't support pre-authenti-
             cation.  Since the version 4 protocol doesn't support any pre-au-
             thentication, serving version 4 clients is just about the same as
             not requiring pre-athentication.  The default is to require pre-
             authentication.  Adding the require-preauth per principal is a
             more flexible way of handling this.

             Gives an upper limit on the size of the requests that the kdc is
             willing to handle.

             respond to kerberos 4 requests from foreign realms.  This is a
             known security hole and should not be enabled unless you under-
             stand the consequences and are willing to live with them.

     -H, --enable-http
             Makes the kdc listen on port 80 and handle requests encapsulated
             in HTTP.

             don't respond to 524 requests

             respond to Kerberos 4 requests

             respond to Kerberos 4 requests from foreign realms.  This is a
             known security hole and should not be enabled unless you under-
             stand the consequences and are willing to live with them.

     -r string, --v4-realm=string
             What realm this server should act as when dealing with version 4
             requests.  The database can contain any number of realms, but
             since the version 4 protocol doesn't contain a realm for the
             server, it must be explicitly specified.  The default is whatever
             is returned by krb_get_lrealm().  This option is only availabe if
             the KDC has been compiled with version 4 support.

     -K, --kaserver
             Enable kaserver emulation (in case it's compiled in).

     -P portspec, --ports=portspec
             Specifies the set of ports the KDC should listen on.  It is given
             as a white-space separated list of services or port numbers.

     --addresses=list of addresses
             The list of addresses to listen for requests on.  By default, the
             kdc will listen on all the locally configured addresses.  If only
             a subset is desired, or the automatic detection fails, this op-
             tion might be used.

     All activities are logged to one or more destinations, see krb5.conf(5),
     and krb5_openlog(3).  The entity used for logging is kdc.

     The configuration file has the same syntax as krb5.conf(5), but will be
     read before /etc/kerberosV/krb5.conf, so it may override settings found
     there.  Options specific to the KDC only are found in the ``[kdc]'' sec-
     tion.  All the command-line options can preferably be added in the con-
     figuration file.  The only difference is the pre-authentication flag,
     which has to be specified as:

           require-preauth = no

     (in fact you can specify the option as --require-preauth=no).

     And there are some configuration options which do not have command-line

           check-ticket-addresses = boolean
                Check the addresses in the ticket when processing TGS re-
                quests.  The default is FALSE.

           allow-null-ticket-addresses = boolean
                Permit tickets with no addresses.  This option is only rele-
                vant when check-ticket-addresses is TRUE.

           allow-anonymous = boolean
                Permit anonymous tickets with no addresses.

           encode_as_rep_as_tgs_rep = boolean
                Encode AS-Rep as TGS-Rep to be bug-compatible with old DCE
                code.  The Heimdal clients allow both.

           kdc_warn_pwexpire = time
                How long before password/principal expiration the KDC should
                start sending out warning messages.

     The configuration file is only read when the kdc is started.  If changes
     made to the configuration file are to take effect, the kdc needs to be

     An example of a config file:

                   require-preauth = no
                   v4-realm = FOO.SE
                   key-file = /key-file

     If the machine running the KDC has new addresses added to it, the KDC
     will have to be restarted to listen to them.  The reason it doesn't just
     listen to wildcarded (like INADDR_ANY) addresses, is that the replies has
     to come from the same address they were sent to, and most OS:es doesn't
     pass this information to the application.  If your normal mode of opera-
     tion require that you add and remove addresses, the best option is proba-
     bly to listen to a wildcarded TCP socket, and make sure your clients use
     TCP to connect.  For instance, this will listen to IPv4 TCP port 88 only:

           kdc --addresses= --ports="88/tcp"

     There should be a way to specify protocol, port, and address triplets,
     not just addresses and protocol, port tuples.

     kinit(1), krb5.conf(5)

 HEIMDAL                        August 22, 2002                              3