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BIO_F_BASE64(3) Library Functions Manual BIO_F_BASE64(3)

BIO_f_base64base64 BIO filter

#include <openssl/bio.h>
#include <openssl/evp.h>

const BIO_METHOD *

() returns the base64 BIO method. This is a filter BIO that base64 encodes any data written through it and decodes any data read through it.

Base64 BIOs do not support BIO_gets(3) or BIO_puts(3).

BIO_flush(3) on a base64 BIO that is being written through is used to signal that no more data is to be encoded: this is used to flush the final block through the BIO.

To encode the data all on one line and to expect the data to be all on one line, initialize the base64 BIO as follows:

BIO *b64 = BIO_new(BIO_f_base64());
BIO_set_flags(b64, BIO_FLAGS_BASE64_NO_NL);

BIO_f_base64() returns the base64 BIO method.

When called on a base64 BIO object, BIO_method_type(3) returns the constant BIO_TYPE_BASE64 and BIO_method_name(3) returns a pointer to the static string "base64 encoding".

Base64 encode the string "hello, world\n" and write the result to standard output:

BIO *bio, *b64;
char message[] = "hello, world\n";

b64 = BIO_new(BIO_f_base64());
bio = BIO_new_fp(stdout, BIO_NOCLOSE);
BIO_push(b64, bio);
BIO_write(b64, message, strlen(message));


Read Base64-encoded data from standard input and write the decoded data to standard output:

BIO *bio, *b64, *bio_out;
char inbuf[512];
int inlen;

b64 = BIO_new(BIO_f_base64());
bio = BIO_new_fp(stdin, BIO_NOCLOSE);
bio_out = BIO_new_fp(stdout, BIO_NOCLOSE);
BIO_push(b64, bio);
while((inlen = BIO_read(b64, inbuf, 512)) > 0)
	BIO_write(bio_out, inbuf, inlen);


BIO_new(3), EVP_EncodeInit(3)

BIO_f_base64() first appeared in SSLeay 0.6.5 and has been available since OpenBSD 2.4.

The ambiguity of EOF in base64-encoded data can cause additional data following the base64-encoded block to be misinterpreted.

There should be some way of specifying a test that the BIO can perform to reliably determine EOF (for example a MIME boundary).

September 11, 2023 OpenBSD-current