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ASN1_GENERATE_NCONF(3) Library Functions Manual ASN1_GENERATE_NCONF(3)

ASN1_generate_nconf, ASN1_generate_v3
ASN.1 generation functions

#include <openssl/asn1.h>
ASN1_TYPE *
ASN1_generate_nconf(const char *str, CONF *nconf);
ASN1_TYPE *
ASN1_generate_v3(const char *str, X509V3_CTX *cnf);

These functions generate the ASN.1 encoding of a string in an ASN1_TYPE structure.
str contains the string to encode nconf or cnf contains the optional configuration information where additional strings will be read from. nconf will typically come from a config file whereas cnf is obtained from an X509V3_CTX structure which will typically be used by X509 v3 certificate extension functions. cnf or nconf can be set to NULL if no additional configuration will be used.

The actual data encoded is determined by the string str and the configuration information. The general format of the string is:
[
modifier,
]type[
:value
]
That is zero or more comma separated modifiers followed by a type followed by an optional colon and a value. The formats of type, value and modifier are explained below.

The supported types are listed below. Unless otherwise specified, only the ASCII format is permissible.
 
 
, BOOL
This encodes a boolean type. The value string is mandatory and should be TRUE or FALSE. Additionally true, Y, y, YES, yes, false, N, n, NO and no are acceptable.
 
 
Encode the NULL type. The value string must not be present.
 
 
, INT
Encodes an ASN.1 INTEGER type. The value string represents the value of the integer. It can be prefaced by a minus sign and is normally interpreted as a decimal value unless the prefix 0x is included.
 
 
, ENUM
Encodes the ASN.1 ENUMERATED type. It is otherwise identical to INTEGER.
 
 
, OID
Encodes an ASN.1 OBJECT IDENTIFIER. The value string can be a short name, a long name, or numerical format.
 
 
, UTC
Encodes an ASN.1 UTCTime structure. The value should be in the format YYMMDDHHMMSSZ.
 
 
, GENTIME
Encodes an ASN.1 GeneralizedTime structure. The value should be in the format YYYYMMDDHHMMSSZ.
 
 
, OCT
Encodes an ASN.1 OCTET STRING. value represents the contents of this structure. The format strings ASCII and HEX can be used to specify the format of value.
 
 
, BITSTR
Encodes an ASN.1 BIT STRING. value represents the contents of this structure. The format strings ASCII, HEX, and BITLIST can be used to specify the format of value.
If the format is anything other than BITLIST, the number of unused bits is set to zero.
 
 
, BMP, GeneralString, IA5STRING, IA5, NUMERICSTRING, NUMERIC, PRINTABLESTRING, PRINTABLE, T61STRING, T61, TELETEXSTRING, UNIVERSALSTRING, UNIV, UTF8String, UTF8, VISIBLESTRING, VISIBLE
These encode the corresponding string types. value represents the contents of this structure. The format can be ASCII or UTF8.
 
 
, SEQ, SET
Formats the result as an ASN.1 SEQUENCE or SET type. value should be a section name which will contain the contents. The field names in the section are ignored and the values are in the generated string format. If value is absent, then an empty SEQUENCE will be encoded.

Modifiers affect the following structure. They can be used to add EXPLICIT or IMPLICIT tagging, add wrappers, or to change the string format of the final type and value. The supported formats are:
 
 
, EXP
Add an explicit tag to the following structure. This string should be followed by a colon and the tag value to use as a decimal value.
By following the number with U, A, P or C, UNIVERSAL, APPLICATION, PRIVATE or CONTEXT SPECIFIC tagging can be used. The default is CONTEXT SPECIFIC.
 
 
, IMP
This is the same as EXPLICIT except IMPLICIT tagging is used instead.
 
 
, SEQWRAP, SETWRAP, BITWRAP
The following structure is surrounded by an OCTET STRING, a SEQUENCE, a SET, or a BIT STRING, respectively. For a BIT STRING the number of unused bits is set to zero.
 
 
This specifies the format of the ultimate value. It should be followed by a colon and one of the strings ASCII, UTF8, HEX, or BITLIST.
If no format specifier is included, then ASCII is used. If UTF8 is specified, then the value string must be a valid UTF-8 string. For HEX, the output must be a set of hex digits. BITLIST (which is only valid for a BIT STRING) is a comma separated list of the indices of the set bits, all other bits are zero.

ASN1_generate_nconf() and ASN1_generate_v3() return the encoded data as an ASN1_TYPE structure or NULL if an error occurred.
The error codes can be obtained by ERR_get_error(3).

A simple IA5String:
IA5STRING:Hello World
An IA5String explicitly tagged:
EXPLICIT:0,IA5STRING:Hello World
An IA5String explicitly tagged using APPLICATION tagging:
EXPLICIT:0A,IA5STRING:Hello World
A BITSTRING with bits 1 and 5 set and all others zero:
FORMAT:BITLIST,BITSTRING:1,5
A more complex example using a config file to produce a SEQUENCE consisting of a BOOL an OID and a UTF8String:
asn1 = SEQUENCE:seq_section 
 
[seq_section] 
 
field1 = BOOLEAN:TRUE 
field2 = OID:commonName 
field3 = UTF8:Third field
This example produces an RSAPrivateKey structure. This is the key contained in the file client.pem in all OpenSSL distributions. Note that the field names such as “coeff” are ignored and are present just for clarity.
asn1=SEQUENCE:private_key 
[private_key] 
version=INTEGER:0 
 
n=INTEGER:0xBB6FE79432CC6EA2D8F970675A5A87BFBE1AFF0BE63E879F2AFFB93644\ 
D4D2C6D000430DEC66ABF47829E74B8C5108623A1C0EE8BE217B3AD8D36D5EB4FCA1D9 
 
e=INTEGER:0x010001 
 
d=INTEGER:0x6F05EAD2F27FFAEC84BEC360C4B928FD5F3A9865D0FCAAD291E2A52F4A\ 
F810DC6373278C006A0ABBA27DC8C63BF97F7E666E27C5284D7D3B1FFFE16B7A87B51D 
 
p=INTEGER:0xF3929B9435608F8A22C208D86795271D54EBDFB09DDEF539AB083DA912\ 
D4BD57 
 
q=INTEGER:0xC50016F89DFF2561347ED1186A46E150E28BF2D0F539A1594BBD7FE467\ 
46EC4F 
 
exp1=INTEGER:0x9E7D4326C924AFC1DEA40B45650134966D6F9DFA3A7F9D698CD4ABEA\ 
9C0A39B9 
 
exp2=INTEGER:0xBA84003BB95355AFB7C50DF140C60513D0BA51D637272E355E397779\ 
E7B2458F 
 
coeff=INTEGER:0x30B9E4F2AFA5AC679F920FC83F1F2DF1BAF1779CF989447FABC2F5\ 
628657053A
This example is the corresponding public key in an ASN.1 SubjectPublicKeyInfo structure:
# Start with a SEQUENCE 
asn1=SEQUENCE:pubkeyinfo 
 
# pubkeyinfo contains an algorithm identifier and the public key 
# wrapped in a BIT STRING 
[pubkeyinfo] 
algorithm=SEQUENCE:rsa_alg 
pubkey=BITWRAP,SEQUENCE:rsapubkey 
 
# algorithm ID for RSA is just an OID and a NULL 
[rsa_alg] 
algorithm=OID:rsaEncryption 
parameter=NULL 
 
# Actual public key: modulus and exponent 
[rsapubkey] 
n=INTEGER:0xBB6FE79432CC6EA2D8F970675A5A87BFBE1AFF0BE63E879F2AFFB93644\ 
D4D2C6D000430DEC66ABF47829E74B8C5108623A1C0EE8BE217B3AD8D36D5EB4FCA1D9 
 
e=INTEGER:0x010001

ERR_get_error(3), x509v3.cnf(5)

ASN1_generate_nconf() and ASN1_generate_v3() first appeared in OpenSSL 0.9.8 and have been available since OpenBSD 4.5.
April 25, 2018 OpenBSD-current