cryptographically sign and verify files
utility creates and verifies
cryptographic signatures. A signature verifies the integrity of a
. The mode of operation is selected
with the following options:
- Verify a signed checksum list, and then verify the checksum
for each file. If no files are specified, all of them are checked.
sigfile should be the signed output of
- Generate a new key pair. Keynames should follow the
convention of keyname.pub and
keyname.sec for the public and secret keys,
- Sign the specified message file and create a
- Verify the message and signature match.
The other options are as follows:
- Specify the comment to be added during key generation.
- When signing, embed the message after the signature. When
verifying, extract the message from the signature. (This requires that the
signature was created using -e and creates a
new message file as output.)
- When signing, the file containing the message to sign. When
verifying, the file containing the message to verify. When verifying with
-e, the file to create.
- Do not ask for a passphrase during key generation.
Otherwise, signify will prompt the user for a
passphrase to protect the secret key.
- Public key produced by -G, and
used by -V to check a signature.
- Quiet mode. Suppress informational output.
- Secret (private) key produced by
-G, and used by
-S to sign a message.
- When deducing the correct key to check a signature, make
sure the actual key matches
- The signature file to create or verify. The default is
- Sign and verify
gzip(1) archives, where the
signing data is embedded in the
The key and signature files created by signify
the same format. The first line of the file is a free form text comment that
may be edited, so long as it does not exceed a single line. Signature comments
will be generated based on the name of the secret key used for signing. This
comment can then be used as a hint for the name of the public key when
verifying. The second line of the file is the actual key or signature base64
utility exits 0 on success,
and >0 if an error occurs. It may fail because of one of the
- Some necessary files do not exist.
- Entered passphrase is incorrect.
- The message file was corrupted and its signature does
- The message file is too large.
Create a new key pair:
$ signify -G -p newkey.pub -s
Sign a file, specifying a signature name:
$ signify -S -s key.sec -m message.txt -x
Verify a signature, using the default signature name:
$ signify -V -p key.pub -m
Verify a release directory containing SHA256.sig
and a full set of release files:
$ signify -C -p /etc/signify/openbsd-62-base.pub -x SHA256.sig
Verify a bsd.rd before an upgrade:
$ signify -C -p /etc/signify/openbsd-62-base.pub -x SHA256.sig bsd.rd
Sign a gzip archive:
$ signify -Sz -s key-arc.sec -m in.tgz -x out.tgz
Verify a gzip pipeline:
$ ftp url | signify -Vz -t arc | tar ztf -
command first appeared in
and Marc Espie