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PWD(1) General Commands Manual PWD(1)

NAME

pwdreturn working directory name

SYNOPSIS

pwd [-LP]

DESCRIPTION

The pwd utility prints the absolute pathname of the current working directory to the standard output.
The options are as follows:
 
 
-L
If the PWD environment variable is an absolute pathname that references the current directory and doesn't contain path components of "." or "..", then PWD is printed as the name of the current directory. Otherwise, act as if the -P option was given.
 
 
-P
Print the physical path to the current working directory, with symbolic links in the path resolved.
The -L and -P options override each other and the command's actions are determined by the last one specified. The default if no options are given is -P.
For an explanation of the directory hierarchy, see hier(7).

ENVIRONMENT

 
 
PWD
The presumptive logical path to the current working directory.

EXIT STATUS

The pwd utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

SEE ALSO

ksh(1), getcwd(3), hier(7)

STANDARDS

The pwd utility is compliant with the IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (“POSIX.1”) specification, except the standard says the default if no options are given should be to behave as if -L had been specified.

HISTORY

An pwd utility appeared in Version 5 AT&T UNIX. Support for the -L option was added in OpenBSD 5.6.

CAVEATS

pwd also exists as a built-in to ksh(1), which may have a different default behavior.
May 28, 2014 OpenBSD-current