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PKILL(1) General Commands Manual PKILL(1)

NAME

pgrep, pkillfind or signal processes by name

SYNOPSIS

pgrep [-flnoqvx] [-d delim] [-G gid] [-g pgrp] [-P ppid] [-s sid] [-T rtable] [-t tty] [-U uid] [-u euid] [pattern ...]

pkill [-signal] [-fIlnoqvx] [-G gid] [-g pgrp] [-P ppid] [-s sid] [-T rtable] [-t tty] [-U uid] [-u euid] [pattern ...]

DESCRIPTION

The pgrep command searches the process table on the running system and prints the process IDs of all processes that match the criteria given on the command line.
The pkill command searches the process table on the running system and signals all processes that match the criteria given on the command line.
The following options are available:
 
 
-d delim
Specify a delimiter to be printed between each process ID. The default is a newline. This option can only be used with the pgrep command.
 
 
-f
Match against full argument lists. The default is to match against process names.
 
 
-G gid
Restrict matches to processes with a real group ID in the comma-separated list gid.
 
 
-g pgrp
Restrict matches to processes with a process group ID in the comma-separated list pgrp. The value zero is taken to mean the process group ID of the running pgrep or pkill command.
 
 
-I
Ask for confirmation before killing a process.
 
 
-l
Long output. Print the process name in addition to the process ID for each matching process. If used in conjunction with -f, print the process ID and the full argument list for each matching process (pgrep only).
 
 
-n
Match only the most recently created (newest) process, if any. Cannot be used in conjunction with -o.
 
 
-o
Match only the least recently created (oldest) process, if any. Cannot be used in conjunction with -n.
 
 
-P ppid
Restrict matches to processes with a parent process ID in the comma-separated list ppid.
 
 
-q
Quiet mode. Perform the action, but don't display anything on standard output. Note that -q takes precedence over other display options such as -l.
 
 
-s sid
Restrict matches to processes with a session ID in the comma-separated list sid. The value zero is taken to mean the session ID of the running pgrep or pkill command.
 
 
-T rtable
Restrict matches to processes associated with the specified routing tables in the comma-separated list rtable.
 
 
-t tty
Restrict matches to processes associated with a terminal in the comma-separated list tty. Terminal names may be of the form ‘ttyxx’ or the shortened form ‘xx’. A single dash (‘-’) matches processes not associated with a terminal.
 
 
-U uid
Restrict matches to processes with a real user ID in the comma-separated list uid.
 
 
-u euid
Restrict matches to processes with an effective user ID in the comma-separated list euid.
 
 
-v
Reverse the sense of the matching; display or signal processes that do not match the given criteria.
 
 
-x
Require an exact match of the process name, or argument list if -f is given. The default is to match any substring.
 
 
-signal
A non-negative decimal number or symbolic signal name specifying the signal to be sent instead of the default TERM. This option is valid only when given as the first argument to pkill.
If any pattern operands are specified, they are used as regular expressions to match the command name or, if -f is specified, the full argument list of each process. However, presently OpenBSD will only keep track of the first 16 characters of the command name for each process. Attempts to match any characters after the first 16 of a command name will silently fail.
Note that a running pgrep or pkill process will never consider itself or system processes (kernel threads) as a potential match.

EXIT STATUS

The pgrep and pkill utilities exit with one of the following values:
0
One or more processes were matched.
1
No processes were matched.
2
Invalid options were specified on the command line.
3
An internal error occurred.

SEE ALSO

grep(1), kill(1), ps(1), kill(2), sigaction(2), re_format(7)

HISTORY

pkill and pgrep first appeared in OpenBSD 3.5. They are modelled after utilities of the same name that appeared in Sun Solaris 7.

AUTHORS

Andrew Doran <ad@NetBSD.org>.
July 16, 2013 OpenBSD-current