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MOUNT_TMPFS(8) System Manager's Manual MOUNT_TMPFS(8)

NAME

mount_tmpfsmount an efficient memory file system

SYNOPSIS

mount_tmpfs [-g group] [-m mode] [-n nodes] [-o options] [-s size] [-u user] tmpfs mount_point

DESCRIPTION

The mount_tmpfs command attaches an instance of the efficient memory file system to the global file system namespace. The tmpfs parameter only exists for compatibility with the other mount commands and is ignored. The directory specified by mount_point is converted to an absolute path before use and its attributes (owner, group and mode) are inherited unless explicitly overridden by the options described below.
The following options are supported:
 
 
-g group
Specifies the group name or GID of the root inode of the file system. Defaults to the mount point's GID.
 
 
-m mode
Specifies the mode (in octal notation) of the root inode of the file system. Defaults to the mount point's mode.
 
 
-n nodes
Specifies the maximum number of nodes available to the file system. If not specified, the file system chooses a reasonable maximum given its size at mount time, which can be limited with -s.
 
 
-o options
Options are specified with a -o flag followed by a comma-separated string of options. See the mount(8) man page for possible options and their meanings.
 
 
-s size
Specifies the total file system size in bytes. If zero is given (the default), the available amount of memory (including main memory and swap space) will be used. Note that four megabytes are always reserved for the system and cannot be assigned to the file system.
 
 
-u user
Specifies the user name or UID of the root inode of the file system. Defaults to the mount point's UID.
Every option that accepts a numerical value as its argument can take a trailing ‘b’ to indicate bytes (the default), a ‘k’ to indicate kilobytes, a ‘M’ to indicate megabytes or a ‘G’ to indicate gigabytes. Note that both lowercase and uppercase forms of these letters are allowed.

EXAMPLES

The following command mounts a tmpfs instance over the /tmp directory, inheriting its owner, group and mode settings:
# mount -t tmpfs tmpfs /tmp
The following command mounts a tmpfs instance over the /mnt directory, setting a 20 megabytes limit in space, owned by the ‘joe’ user and belonging to the ‘users’ group, with a restricted 0700 mode:
# mount -t tmpfs -o -s20M -o -ujoe -o -gusers -o -m0700 tmpfs /mnt
A corresponding fstab(5) entry, using "swap" as a place holder:
swap /mnt tmpfs rw,-s20M,-ujoe,-gusers,-m0700 0 0

SEE ALSO

fstab(5), mount(8)

HISTORY

The mount_tmpfs utility first appeared in NetBSD 4.0 and OpenBSD 5.5.

CAVEATS

The update of mount options (through mount -u) is currently not supported.

BUGS

File system meta-data is not pageable. If there is not enough main memory to hold this information, the system may become unstable or very unresponsive because it will not be able to allocate required memory. A malicious user could trigger this condition if he could create lots of files inside a size-unbounded tmpfs file system. Limiting the number of nodes per file system (-n) will prevent this; the default value for this setting is also often adjusted to an adequate value to resolve this.
November 16, 2014 OpenBSD-current