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MIXERCTL(1) General Commands Manual MIXERCTL(1)


mixerctlcontrol audio mixing


mixerctl [-anv] [-f file]

mixerctl [-nv] [-f file] name ...

mixerctl [-qt] [-f file] name ...

mixerctl [-q] [-f file] name=value ...


The mixerctl command displays or sets various audio system mixing variables. If a list of variables is present on the command line, mixerctl prints the current value of those variables for the specified device. Variables can also be set at system startup using the configuration file mixerctl.conf(5).
The options are as follows:
Print all device variables and their current values. This is the default, if no parameters are given to mixerctl.
-f file
Specify an alternative audio mixing device. The default is /dev/mixer.
Suppress printing of the variable name.
Suppress all printing when setting a variable.
Toggle. Attempt to select the next possible value of an enum (see below).
Show all possible values of variables. Enum values are shown in ‘[]’ and values belonging to a set are shown in ‘{}’ (see below).
Attempt to set the specified variable name to value.
The exact set of controls that can be manipulated depends on the mixer. The general format (in both getting and setting a value) is:
The class can have values like “inputs” or “outputs”, indicating that the control affects the input or output, respectively, to the mixer. The name indicates what part of the mixer the control affects. Continuous mixer values, e.g. volume, have numeric values in the range 0-255. If value can be set for each channel independently, the values are printed separated by commas. Discrete mixer values, e.g. the recording source, have symbolic names.
Variables may take one of three types, again dependent on the mixer:
  1. Enums. These may take only one out of a possible list of symbolic values or the literal string “toggle”, which toggles the value, e.g. inputs.mic.source=mic0.
  2. Sets. These can take one or more of a possible list of symbolic values; multiple values are specified as a comma-separated list, e.g. record.source=mic,cd. Additionally, value may be omitted to specify the empty set, e.g. record.source=.
  3. Numbers. Numerical values may be specified in either absolute or relative forms. The relative form is indicated by a prefix of ‘+’ or ‘-’ to denote an increase or decrease, respectively.


The audio mixer device to use.


Default mixer audio device.
mixerctl configuration file.


Show possible values for all mixer variables, and their current settings:
$ mixerctl -av 
inputs.mic=0,0 volume 
inputs.mic.mute=off  [ off on ] 
inputs.cd=220,220 volume 
inputs.cd.mute=off  [ off on ] 
inputs.dac=220,220 volume 
inputs.dac.mute=off  [ off on ] 
record.record=220,220 volume 
record.record.source=mic  [ mic cd dac ] 
monitor.monitor=0 volume
Toggle inputs.dac.mute:
$ mixerctl -t inputs.dac.mute 
inputs.dac.mute: off -> on 
$ mixerctl inputs.dac.mute=toggle 
inputs.dac.mute: on -> off


aucat(1), audioctl(1), cdio(1), audio(4), mixerctl.conf(5), sysctl(8)


The mixerctl command first appeared in OpenBSD 2.4.
September 25, 2015 OpenBSD-current