OpenBSD manual page server

Manual Page Search Parameters

X509_STORE_CTX_GET_ERROR(3) Library Functions Manual X509_STORE_CTX_GET_ERROR(3)

X509_STORE_CTX_get_error, X509_STORE_CTX_set_error, X509_STORE_CTX_get_error_depth, X509_STORE_CTX_set_error_depth, X509_STORE_CTX_get_current_cert, X509_STORE_CTX_set_current_cert, X509_STORE_CTX_get0_current_issuer, X509_STORE_CTX_get0_current_crl, X509_STORE_CTX_get0_parent_ctx, X509_STORE_CTX_get_num_untrusted, X509_STORE_CTX_get0_chain, X509_STORE_CTX_get_chain, X509_STORE_CTX_get1_chain, X509_STORE_CTX_set0_verified_chain, X509_STORE_CTX_get0_policy_tree, X509_STORE_CTX_get_explicit_policy, X509_verify_cert_error_stringget or set certificate verification status information

#include <openssl/x509_vfy.h>

int
X509_STORE_CTX_get_error(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

void
X509_STORE_CTX_set_error(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx, int s);

int
X509_STORE_CTX_get_error_depth(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

void
X509_STORE_CTX_set_error_depth(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx, int depth);

X509 *
X509_STORE_CTX_get_current_cert(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

void
X509_STORE_CTX_set_current_cert(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx, X509 *cert);

X509 *
X509_STORE_CTX_get0_current_issuer(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

X509_CRL *
X509_STORE_CTX_get0_current_crl(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

X509_STORE_CTX *
X509_STORE_CTX_get0_parent_ctx(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

int
X509_STORE_CTX_get_num_untrusted(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

STACK_OF(X509) *
X509_STORE_CTX_get0_chain(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

STACK_OF(X509) *
X509_STORE_CTX_get_chain(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

STACK_OF(X509) *
X509_STORE_CTX_get1_chain(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

void
X509_STORE_CTX_set0_verified_chain(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx, STACK_OF(X509) *chain);

X509_POLICY_TREE *
X509_STORE_CTX_get0_policy_tree(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

int
X509_STORE_CTX_get_explicit_policy(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx);

#include <openssl/x509.h>

const char *
X509_verify_cert_error_string(long n);

Most of these functions are typically called after X509_verify_cert(3) to inspect status information related to certificate verification. Some may also be called in a verification callback to determine the nature of an error.

() returns the error code of ctx. See the section for a full description of all error codes.

() sets the error code of ctx to s. For example it might be used in a verification callback to set an error based on additional checks.

() returns the depth of the error. This is a non-negative integer representing where in the certificate chain the error occurred. If it is zero, it occurred in the end entity certificate, one if it is the certificate which signed the end entity certificate, and so on.

() sets the error depth. This can be used in combination with X509_STORE_CTX_set_error() to set the depth at which an error condition was detected.

() returns the certificate in ctx which caused the error or NULL if no certificate is relevant.

() sets the certificate which caused the error in ctx to the given cert. This value is not intended to remain valid for very long, and remains owned by the caller. It may be examined by a verification callback invoked to handle each error encountered during chain verification and is no longer required after such a callback. If a callback wishes the save the certificate for use after it returns, it needs to increment its reference count via X509_up_ref(3). Once such a saved certificate is no longer needed, it can be freed with X509_free(3).

() returns the certificate that caused issuer validation to fail or NULL if no CA certificate is relevant.

() returns the certificate revocation list that caused CRL checking to fail or NULL if no CRL is relevant.

When, during certification path validation, the need arises to check the validity of the certification path of a CRL issuer certificate, the library creates a new, temporary X509_STORE_CTX object. If () is called on that temporary object, a pointer to the original certification path validation context is returned. This may be useful in callback functions called from X509_verify_cert(3) or from its subroutines to find out whether the callback is called from the path validation of the target certificate or from the path validation of a related CRL issuer certificate, and if the latter, what the target certificate is.

() returns an internal pointer to a complete validate chain if a previous call to X509_verify_cert(3) was successful. If the call to X509_verify_cert(3) was not successful, the returned chain may be incomplete or invalid. () is a deprecated alias of X509_STORE_CTX_get0_chain(). () returns a deep copy of the same chain which persists even after the ctx structure is freed. When it is no longer needed, it should be freed using (chain, X509_free).

() frees the validate chain generated by if a previous call to X509_verify_cert(3), if any, and replaces it with the given chain. Ownership of the chain is transferred to the ctx, so it should not be freed by the caller.

() returns a human readable error string for verification error n.

The above functions should be used instead of directly referencing the fields in the structure.

In versions of OpenSSL before 1.0, the current certificate returned by () was never NULL. Applications should check the return value before printing out any debugging information relating to the current certificate.

If an unrecognised error code is passed to (), the numerical value of the unknown code is returned in a static buffer. This is not thread safe but will never happen unless an invalid code is passed.

X509_STORE_CTX_get_error() returns X509_V_OK or an error code.

X509_STORE_CTX_get_error_depth() returns a non-negative error depth.

X509_STORE_CTX_get_current_cert(), X509_STORE_CTX_get0_current_issuer(), and X509_STORE_CTX_get0_current_crl() return the object which caused the error or NULL if no object of the requested kind is relevant to the error.

X509_STORE_CTX_get0_parent_ctx() returns the parent context or NULL if ctx is not a temporary child context used for path validation of a CRL issuer certificate.

X509_STORE_CTX_get_num_untrusted() returns the number of untrusted certificates that were used in building the chain during a call to X509_verify_cert(3).

X509_STORE_CTX_get0_chain(), X509_STORE_CTX_get_chain(), and X509_STORE_CTX_get1_chain() return a pointer to a stack of certificates or NULL if an error occurs.

X509_STORE_CTX_get0_policy_tree() returns an internal pointer to the valid_policy_tree created by X509_policy_check(3) or NULL if validation failed or the resulting tree was empty.

X509_STORE_CTX_get_explicit_policy() returns the *pexplicit_policy output argument of X509_policy_check(3). If validation succeeded, it is 1 if X509_V_FLAG_EXPLICIT_POLICY was requested or 0 otherwise.

X509_verify_cert_error_string() returns a human readable error string for verification error n.

A list of error codes and messages is shown below. Some of the error codes are defined but currently never returned: these are described as "unused".

: ok
The operation was successful.
: unable to get issuer certificate
The issuer certificate of a locally looked up certificate could not be found. This normally means the list of trusted certificates is not complete.
: unable to get certificate CRL
The CRL of a certificate could not be found.
: unable to decrypt certificate's signature
The certificate signature could not be decrypted. This means that the actual signature value could not be determined rather than it not matching the expected value. This is only meaningful for RSA keys.
: unable to decrypt CRL's signature
The CRL signature could not be decrypted: this means that the actual signature value could not be determined rather than it not matching the expected value. Unused.
: unable to decode issuer public key
The public key in the certificate SubjectPublicKeyInfo could not be read.
: certificate signature failure
The signature of the certificate is invalid.
: CRL signature failure
The signature of the certificate is invalid.
: certificate is not yet valid
The certificate is not yet valid: the notBefore date is after the current time.
: certificate has expired
The certificate has expired: that is the notAfter date is before the current time.
: CRL is not yet valid
The CRL is not yet valid.
: CRL has expired
The CRL has expired.
: format error in certificate's notBefore field
The certificate notBefore field contains an invalid time.
: format error in certificate's notAfter field
The certificate notAfter field contains an invalid time.
: format error in CRL's lastUpdate field
The CRL lastUpdate field contains an invalid time.
: format error in CRL's nextUpdate field
The CRL nextUpdate field contains an invalid time.
: out of memory
An error occurred trying to allocate memory. This should never happen.
: self signed certificate
The passed certificate is self signed and the same certificate cannot be found in the list of trusted certificates.
: self signed certificate in certificate chain
The certificate chain could be built up using the untrusted certificates but the root could not be found locally.
: unable to get local issuer certificate
The issuer certificate could not be found: this occurs if the issuer certificate of an untrusted certificate cannot be found.
: unable to verify the first certificate
No signatures could be verified because the chain contains only one certificate and it is not self signed.
: certificate chain too long
The certificate chain length is greater than the supplied maximum depth. Unused.
: certificate revoked
The certificate has been revoked.
: invalid CA certificate
A CA certificate is invalid. Either it is not a CA or its extensions are not consistent with the supplied purpose.
: path length constraint exceeded
The basicConstraints path-length parameter has been exceeded.
: unsupported certificate purpose
The supplied certificate cannot be used for the specified purpose.
: certificate not trusted
The root CA is not marked as trusted for the specified purpose.
: certificate rejected
The root CA is marked to reject the specified purpose.
: subject issuer mismatch
The current candidate issuer certificate was rejected because its subject name did not match the issuer name of the current certificate. This is only set if issuer check debugging is enabled; it is used for status notification and is not in itself an error.
: authority and subject key identifier mismatch
The current candidate issuer certificate was rejected because its subject key identifier was present and did not match the authority key identifier current certificate. This is only set if issuer check debugging is enabled; it is used for status notification and is not in itself an error.
: Noauthority and issuer serial number mismatch
The current candidate issuer certificate was rejected because its issuer name and serial number was present and did not match the authority key identifier of the current certificate. This is only set if issuer check debugging is enabled; it is used for status notification and is not in itself an error.
: key usage does not include certificate signing
The current candidate issuer certificate was rejected because its keyUsage extension does not permit certificate signing. This is only set if issuer check debugging is enabled it is used for status notification and is not in itself an error.
: invalid or inconsistent certificate extension
A certificate extension had an invalid value (for example an incorrect encoding) or some value inconsistent with other extensions.
: invalid or inconsistent certificate policy extension
A certificate policies extension had an invalid value (for example an incorrect encoding) or some value inconsistent with other extensions. This error only occurs if policy processing is enabled.
: no explicit policy
The verification flags were set to require an explicit policy but none was present.
: different CRL scope
The only CRLs that could be found did not match the scope of the certificate.
: unsupported extension feature
Some feature of a certificate extension is not supported. Unused.
: permitted subtree violation
A name constraint violation occurred in the permitted subtrees.
: excluded subtree violation
A name constraint violation occurred in the excluded subtrees.
: name constraints minimum and maximum not supported
A certificate name constraints extension included a minimum or maximum field: this is not supported.
: unsupported name constraint type
An unsupported name constraint type was encountered. OpenSSL currently only supports directory name, DNS name, email and URI types.
: unsupported or invalid name constraint syntax
The format of the name constraint is not recognised: for example an email address format of a form not mentioned in RFC 3280. This could be caused by a garbage extension or some new feature not currently supported.
: CRL path validation error
An error occurred when attempting to verify the CRL path. This error can only happen if extended CRL checking is enabled.
: application verification failure
An application specific error. This will never be returned unless explicitly set by an application.

X509_policy_check(3), X509_policy_tree_level_count(3), X509_STORE_CTX_new(3), X509_STORE_CTX_set_verify(3), X509_STORE_CTX_set_verify_cb(3), X509_STORE_set_verify_cb(3), X509_up_ref(3), X509_verify_cert(3)

X509_STORE_CTX_get_error(), X509_STORE_CTX_set_error(), X509_STORE_CTX_get_error_depth(), X509_STORE_CTX_get_current_cert(), X509_STORE_CTX_get_chain(), and X509_verify_cert_error_string() first appeared in SSLeay 0.8.0 and have been available since OpenBSD 2.4.

X509_STORE_CTX_get1_chain() first appeared in OpenSSL 0.9.5 and has been available since OpenBSD 2.7.

X509_STORE_CTX_get0_policy_tree() and X509_STORE_CTX_get_explicit_policy() first appeared in OpenSSL 0.9.8 and have been available since OpenBSD 4.5.

X509_STORE_CTX_get0_current_issuer(), X509_STORE_CTX_get0_current_crl(), and X509_STORE_CTX_get0_parent_ctx() first appeared in OpenSSL 1.0.0 and have been available since OpenBSD 4.9.

X509_STORE_CTX_get0_chain() first appeared in OpenSSL 1.1.0 and has been available since OpenBSD 6.3.

X509_STORE_CTX_set_error_depth(), X509_STORE_CTX_set_current_cert(), X509_STORE_CTX_get_num_untrusted(), and X509_STORE_CTX_set0_verified_chain() first appeared in OpenSSL 1.1.0 and have been available since OpenBSD 7.1.

November 17, 2021 OpenBSD-current