get semaphore set
key, int nsems,
system call returns the semaphore identifier associated with
A new set containing nsems semaphores is
created if either key is equal to
IPC_PRIVATE, or key does not
have a semaphore set associated with it and the
IPC_CREAT bit is set in
The access modes of the created semaphores is specified in semflg as a bitwise OR of zero or more of the following values:
SEM_A alter permission for owner SEM_R read permission for owner SEM_A >> 3 alter permission for group SEM_R >> 3 read permission for group SEM_A >> 6 alter permission for other SEM_R >> 6 read permission for other
If a new set of semaphores is created, the data structure associated with it (the semid_ds structure, see semctl(2)) is initialized as follows:
- sem_perm.cuid and sem_perm.uid are set to the effective UID of the calling process.
- sem_perm.gid and sem_perm.cgid are set to the effective GID of the calling process.
- sem_perm.mode is set to the lower 9 bits of semflg.
- sem_nsems is set to the value of nsems.
- sem_ctime is set to the current time.
- sem_otime is set to 0.
semget() returns a non-negative semaphore
identifier if successful. Otherwise, -1 is returned and
errno is set to reflect the error.
- The caller has no permission to access a semaphore set already associated with key.
IPC_EXCLare set in semflg, and a semaphore set is already associated with key.
- nsems is less than or equal to 0 or greater than the
system limit for the number in a semaphore set.
A semaphore set associated with key exists, but has fewer semaphores than the number specified in nsems.
- A new set of semaphores could not be created because the system limit for the number of semaphores or the number of semaphore sets has been reached.
IPC_CREATwas not set in semflg and no semaphore set associated with key was found.
ipcrm(1), ipcs(1), semctl(2), semop(2), ftok(3)