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BOOT(8) System Manager's Manual (landisk) BOOT(8)

boot, boot.conflandisk-specific second-stage bootstrap

The main purpose of this program is to load the system kernel from the root file system of the machine.

This program is loaded by the xxboot(8) primary bootstrap loader and provides a convenient way to load the kernel. This program acts as an enhanced boot monitor for landisk systems, providing a common interface for the kernel to start from.

Basic operations include:

The sequence of its operation is as follows: initialization, parsing the configuration file, then an interactive command line. While at the command line you have 5 seconds to type any commands, if needed. If time expires, the kernel will be loaded according to the current variable settings (see the set command). Each time a kernel load fails, the timeout is increased by one second. The sequence of boot operations is as follows:

  1. If the file /etc/boot.conf exists on the filesystem boot was loaded from, open and parse it. Lines beginning with the ‘#’ character, as well as whitespace at the beginning of lines, are ignored. The file may contain any commands boot accepts at the interactive prompt. Though default settings usually suffice, they can be changed here.
  2. The header line

    >> OpenBSD/landisk BOOT [x.xx]

    is displayed to the active console, where x.xx is the version number of the boot program, followed by the


    prompt, which means you are in interactive mode and may enter commands. If you do not, boot will proceed to load the kernel with the current parameters after the timeout period has expired.

By default, boot attempts to load the kernel executable /bsd. If it fails to find the kernel and no alternative kernel image has been specified, the system will be unable to boot.

The following commands are accepted at the boot prompt:

boot [[device:]image] [-acds]
Boots the specified kernel image with any options given. If device or image are omitted, values from boot variables will be used.

The only bootable device, at the moment, is the internal IDE device (either a compactflash media or an ATA disk drive), and is named ‘cf’. Therefore, to boot kernel /bsd from the internal drive, specify “boot cf:/bsd”.

Causes the kernel to ask for the root device to use.
Causes the kernel to go into boot_config(8) before performing autoconf(4) procedures.
Causes the kernel to drop into ddb(4) at the earliest convenient point.
Causes the kernel to boot single-user.
echo [args]
Displays args on the console device.
Prints a list of available commands.
ls [directory]
Prints contents of the specified directory in long format including: attributes and file type, owner, group, size, filename.
Reboots the machine by initiating a warm boot procedure.
set [varname [value]]
If invoked without arguments, prints a list of variables and their values. If only varname is specified, displays contents of that variable. If varname and value are both specified, sets that variable to the given value. Variables include:

Address at which to load the kernel.
Debug flag if boot was compiled with DEBUG defined.
Options to pass to the loaded kernel.
File name containing the kernel image.
Number of seconds boot will wait for human intervention before booting the default kernel image.
Displays system time and date.

system bootstrap
system bootstrap's startup file
kernel image
kernel image for installation/recovery
first stage bootstrap

Boot the default kernel:

boot> boot

Remove the 5 second pause at boot-time permanently, causing boot to load the kernel immediately without prompting:

# echo "boot" > /etc/boot.conf

Boot the kernel named /bsd.rd in “User Kernel Configuration” mode (see boot_config(8)). This mechanism allows for the explicit enabling and disabling of devices during the current boot sequence, as well as the modification of device parameters. Once booted, such changes can be made permanent by using config(8)'s -e option.

boot> boot cf:/bsd.rd -c

gzip(1), autoconf(4), ddb(4), boot_config(8), fdisk(8), reboot(8), xxboot(8)

This program was written by Michael Shalayeff for OpenBSD 4.1.

July 6, 2017 OpenBSD-6.3