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ATAPISCSI(4) Device Drivers Manual ATAPISCSI(4)

atapiscsiATAPI<->SCSI adapter

atapiscsi* at wdc? flags 0x0000
atapiscsi* at pciide? flags 0x0000

The atapiscsi driver supports ATAPI (also called IDE) devices such as CD-ROMs, ZIP drives, LS-120 floppy drives, and tape drives. All ATAPI devices talk a subset of the SCSI protocol.

The atapiscsi driver acts like a SCSI adapter. Thus, the ATAPI devices connected to the system will appear as SCSI devices. ATAPI CD-ROMs will appear as cd(4) devices, ATAPI tape drives as st(4) devices, and ATAPI floppies as sd(4) devices.

For performance reasons, one should avoid putting an ATAPI device and a hard disk on the same cable. The driver does not support bus release and, even if it did, many ATAPI devices do not support it. There is only one command outstanding on a cable at a time. For example, if a hard disk and a CD drive are placed on the same cable, the hard disk requests may get queued behind slower CD operations.

The flags are used only with controllers that support DMA operations and mode settings (like some pciide(4) controllers). The lowest order (rightmost) nibble of the flags define the PIO mode to use. The next four bits indicate the DMA mode and the third nibble the UltraDMA mode.

For each set of four bits, the 3 lower bits define the mode to use and the last bit must be set to 1 for this setting to be used. For DMA and UltraDMA, 0xf (1111) means “disable”. For example, a flags value of 0x0fac (1111 1010 1100) means “use PIO mode 4, DMA mode 2, disable UltraDMA”. The special setting 0x0000 means “use whatever the drive claims to support”.

cd(4), intro(4), pciide(4), scsi(4), sd(4), st(4), wdc(4)

Slow devices, like tape drives, could do a better job of sharing the channel. For now, we recommend you put the tape device on its own channel.

August 14, 2012 OpenBSD-5.8