verify a CMS SignedData
STACK_OF(X509) *certs, X509_STORE
*store, BIO *indata, BIO
*out, unsigned int flags);
verifies the CMS SignedData structure
cms. certs is a set of
certificates in which to search for the signing certificate(s).
store is a trusted certificate store used for chain
verification. indata is the detached content if the
content is not present in cms. The content is written
to out if it is not
retrieves the signing certificate(s) from cms. It must
be called after a successful
The signers must be freed with
Normally the verify process proceeds as follows.
Initially some sanity checks are performed on
cms. There must be at least one signature on the data.
If the content is detached, indata cannot be
An attempt is made to locate all the signing certificate(s), first
looking in the certs parameter (if it is not
NULL) and then looking in any certificates contained
in the cms structure itself. If any signing
certificate cannot be located, the operation fails.
Each signing certificate is chain verified using the smimesign purpose and the supplied trusted certificate store. Any internal certificates in the message are used as untrusted CAs. If CRL checking is enabled in store, any internal CRLs are used in addition to attempting to look them up in store. If any chain verify fails, an error code is returned.
Finally the signed content is read (and written to
out if it is not
NULL) and the
signature is checked.
If all signatures verify correctly, then the function is successful.
Any of the following flags (OR'ed together) can be passed to change the default verify behaviour:
- Do not use the certificates in the message itself when locating the signing certificate(s). This means that all the signing certificates must be in the certs parameter.
- If CRL checking is enabled in store, then any CRLs in the message itself are ignored.
- MIME headers for type text/plain are deleted from the content. If the content is not of type text/plain, an error is returned.
- Do not verify signing certificates.
- Do not check the signed attributes signature.
- Do not check the content digest.
One application of
CMS_NOINTERN is to only
accept messages signed by a small number of certificates. The acceptable
certificates would be passed in the certs parameter.
In this case, if the signer is not one of the certificates supplied in
certs, then the verify will fail because the signer
cannot be found.
In some cases the standard techniques for looking up and validating certificates are not appropriate: for example an application may wish to lookup certificates in a database or perform customised verification. This can be achieved by setting and verifying the signers certificates manually using the signed data utility functions.
Care should be taken when modifying the default verify behaviour,
for example setting
totally disable all content verification and any modified content will be
considered valid. This combination is however useful if one merely wishes to
write the content to out and its validity is not
Chain verification should arguably be performed using the signing time rather than the current time. However since the signing time is supplied by the signer it cannot be trusted without additional evidence (such as a trusted timestamp).
CMS_verify() returns 1 for a successful
verification or 0 if an error occurred.
CMS_get0_signers() returns all signers or
NULL if an error occurred. The signers must be freed
The error can be obtained from ERR_get_error(3).
CMS_ContentInfo_new(3), CMS_get0_SignerInfos(3), CMS_sign(3), CMS_verify_receipt(3)
RFC 5652: Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS), section 5.1: SignedData Type
These functions first appeared in OpenSSL 0.9.8h and have been available since OpenBSD 6.7.
The trusted certificate store is not searched for the signing certificate. This is primarily due to the inadequacies of the current X509_STORE functionality.
The lack of single pass processing means that the signed content must all be held in memory if it is not detached.